Glenn Gould, né le 25 septembre 1932 à Toronto au Canada et mort le 4 octobre 1982 dans la même ville, est un pianiste, compositeur, écrivain, homme de radio et réalisateur canadien [1].Il est connu pour ses interprétations pianistiques du répertoire baroque, en particulier pour deux enregistrements des Variations Goldberg de Jean-Sébastien Bach (1955 et 1981). 3 in D major, BWV1054. [103] The majority of his work is published by Schott Music. His String Quartet (Op. Gould asks why the epoch in which a work is received influences its reception as "art", postulating a sonata of his own composition that sounds so like one of Haydn's that it is received as such. Gould began by improvising something Straussian—we thought he was simply warming up, but no, he continued to play like that throughout the actual recordings, as though Strauss's notes were just a pretext that allowed him to improvise freely. Gould: "The piano was a means to an end for him, and the end was to approach Beethoven." This profoundly affected him. You must have that immediacy of response, that control over fine definitions of things."[27]. Bach: Preludes, Fugues and Fughettas - Expanded Edition. [19] His pianism had great clarity and erudition, particularly in contrapuntal passages,[19] and extraordinary control. The only organ recordings Gould made were the first nine parts of Bach's. [91] He was fond of a number of lesser-known composers such as Orlando Gibbons, whose Anthems he had heard as a teenager,[92] and whose music he felt a "spiritual attachment" to. Gould worked from a young age with Guerrero on a technique known as finger-tapping: a method of training the fingers to act more independently from the arm. He later described the experience: It was Hofmann. Stream songs including "Suite for Harpsichord No. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on He stopped giving concerts at the age of 31 to concentrate on studio recording and other projects. [97] Schwarzkopf believed in "total fidelity" to the score, but she also objected to the temperature, which was to Gould's liking: The studio was incredibly overheated, which may be good for a pianist but not for a singer: a dry throat is the end as far as singing is concerned. His television collaboration with American violinist Yehudi Menuhin in 1965, in which they played works by Bach, Beethoven and Schoenberg, was called a success by Stegemann (1993b) because "Menuhin was ready to embrace the new perspectives opened up by an unorthodox view". [9] The diagnosis was first suggested by psychiatrist Peter Ostwald, a friend of Gould's, in the 1997 book Glenn Gould: The Ecstasy and Tragedy of Genius. A new recording of the Goldberg Variations, made in 1981, would be among his last albums; the piece was one of only a few he recorded twice in the studio. This is the secret of doing Bach on the piano at all. To this day renowned Canadian pianist Glenn Gould (1932 – 1982) continues to … Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Books I & II, BWV 846-893 1993 Bach: The Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 (1955 Mono Recording) 1956 Brahms: Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. As early as two weeks after leaving her husband, Foss noticed disturbing signs in Gould, alluding to unusual behaviour that was more than "just neurotic". One is a live recording from 1954, The Schubert can be seen briefly in the film, Glenn Gould: Selected Letters (John P. L. Roberts, Ghyslaine Guertin), 1992, Elliott, R. "Constructions of Identity in the Life Stories of Emma Albani and Glenn Gould. In outtakes of the Goldberg Variations, Gould describes his practising technique by composing a drill on Variation 11, remarking that he is "still sloppy" and with his usual humour that "a little practising is in order." The cover shows Gould in the corner of a bare dilapidated room – more like the snapshot of a vagrant than the portrait of a pianistic genius. Gould recorded several Handel suites and a few pieces from J.S. [fn 17] Bazzana writes that although some of Gould's "conversational dazzle" found its way into his prolific written output, his writing was "at best uneven [and] at worst awful". [9], Gould's interest in music and his talent as a pianist were evident very early. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on The Royal Conservatory of Music Professional School in Toronto adopted the name The Glenn Gould School in 1997 after their most famous alumnus. [100], Gould was not only a pianist, but also a prolific transcriber of orchestral repertoire for piano. D3S 733. 4.4 out of 5 stars 76 ratings. [112][113] A federal plaque reflecting the designation was erected next to a sculpture of him in downtown Toronto. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 Bach: The Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 (1955 Mono Recording) 1956 Albums You May Also Like. [18], Gould developed a technique that enabled him to choose a very fast tempo while retaining the "separateness" and clarity of each note. [fn 14] He was highly concerned about his health throughout his life, worrying about everything from high blood pressure (which in his later years he recorded in diary form) to the safety of his hands. We should see this failure, rather, as an aspect of his genius. According to another of Gould's biographers, Otto Friedrich, the air-conditioning engineer had to work just as hard as the recording engineers.[44]. The Klavierbüchlein For Wilhelm Friedemann Bach in C Major, BWV 924: Prelude: ... Glenn Gould / Goldberg Variations, J. S. Bach. He held his final public performance in 1964, and thereafter devoted his career to the studio, recording albums and several radio documentaries. One of Gould's reasons for abandoning live performance was his aesthetic preference for the recording studio, where, in his words, he developed a "love affair with the microphone". Their affair lasted until 1972, when she returned to her husband. But it doesn't convince me. [6] The chair was designed so that Gould could sit very low at the keyboard, and allowed him to pull down on the keys rather than striking them from above, a central technical idea of his teacher at the Conservatory, Alberto Guerrero. )[109][110] Anthologies of Gould's writing and letters have been published, and Library and Archives Canada holds a significant portion of his papers. The somewhat muffled sound of this 20th-century instrument is very different from modern recordings that are made using copies of old harpsichords. He founded the Festival Trio chamber group in 1953 with the cellist Isaac Mamott and the violinist Albert Pratz. For his only recording at the organ, he recorded about half of The Art of Fugue, which was also released posthumously on piano. 17 in A-flat Major, BWV 862: Prelude; Prelude & Fugue No. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 Bach: The Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 (1955 Mono Recording) 1956 Featured On. [fn 9], He stated that he did not understand the requirement of other pianists to continuously reinforce their relationship with the instrument by practising many hours a day. According to Foss, "There were a lot of misconceptions about Glenn, and it was partly because he was so very private. In 1957, Gould undertook a tour of the Soviet Union, becoming the first North American to play there since World War II. The 1981 release was one of CBS Masterworks' first digital recordings. The success of Gould's collaborations was to a degree dependent upon his collaborators' receptiveness to his sometimes unconventional readings of the music. He also made recordings of the complete piano works Lieder by Arnold Schoenberg. [fn 20] He made recordings of piano music by Jean Sibelius (the Sonatines and Kyllikki), Georges Bizet (the Variations Chromatiques de Concert and the Premier nocturne), Richard Strauss (the Piano Sonata, the Five Pieces, and Enoch Arden with Claude Rains), and Paul Hindemith (the three piano sonatas and the sonatas for brass and piano). He was one of the best known and most celebrated pianists of the 20th century, and was renowned as an interpreter of the keyboard works of Johann Sebastian Bach. ", to which the audience laughed. (SATB with piano or string-quartet accompaniment). In early September 1982, Gould made his final recording: Strauss's Piano Sonata in B minor.[96]. Although he recorded all of Mozart's sonatas and admitted enjoying the "actual playing" of them,[90] Gould claimed to dislike Mozart's later works, to the extent of arguing (perhaps facetiously) that Mozart died too late rather than too early. [47] His chair is so closely identified with him that it is shown in a place of honour in a glass case at the National Library of Canada. [71], Gould is reported to have "periodically told interviewers that if he had not been a pianist, he would have been a writer". He is also heard practising other parts of the Goldbergs. Although Gould was known chiefly as a pianist, he capped off his musical career with a recording of Wagner's Siegfried Idyll as conductor. Probably the best-known are the German musicologist Karlheinz Klopweisser, the English conductor Sir Nigel Twitt-Thornwaite, and the American critic Theodore Slutz. Glenn Gould plays Bach - The Goldberg Variations, BMV 998 (Zenph re-performance) Watch later. Allemande" and more. Theseusurp. Hide other formats and editions. When presented with a piano, the young Gould was reported to strike single notes and listen to their long decay, a practice his father Bert noted was different from typical children. 1.2M . A doomsday scenario … On a visit to Steinway Hall in New York City in 1959, Gould was greeted by the chief piano technician at the time, William Hupfer, with a slap on the back. On August 25, 2012, the spacecraft became the first to cross the heliopause and enter the interstellar medium.[106]. "[48] Leonard Bernstein said, "There is nobody quite like him, and I just love playing with him. This is especially evident in his (frequent) attempts at humour and irony. He transcribed his own Wagner and Ravel recordings, as well as the operas of Richard Strauss and the symphonies of Schubert and Bruckner,[6] which he played privately for pleasure. As a baby, he reportedly hummed instead of crying and wiggled his fingers as if playing chords, leading his doctor to predict that he would "be either a physician or a pianist". [40] Among the pieces he performed that night were Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. [5] His maternal grandfather was a cousin of the Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg. He was once arrested, having possibly been mistaken for a vagrant, while sitting on a park bench in Sarasota, Florida, dressed in his standard all-climate attire of coats, hat and mittens. Browse more videos. To commemorate what would have been Gould's 75th birthday, the Canadian Museum of Civilization held an exhibition titled Glenn Gould: The Sounds of Genius in 2007. His unique pianistic method, insight into the architecture of compositions, and relatively free interpretation of scores created performances and recordings that were revelatory to many listeners while being highly objectionable to others. These include his famous "self-interview", his book review of a biography written about him (in which he refers to himself in the third person)—not to mention the various appearances of his "alter egos" in print, radio, or TV, including an "extended and rather strained radio joke show", ("Critics Callout Corner" on the, There are two other Gould recordings of the Goldberg Variations. Gould also recorded Bach's six sonatas for violin and harpsichord (BWV 1014–1019) with Jaime Laredo, and the three sonatas for viola da gamba and keyboard with Leonard Rose. Mark Kingwell summarizes the paradox, never resolved by Gould nor his biographers, this way: He was progressive and anti-progressive at once, and likewise at once both a critic of the Zeitgeist and its most interesting expression. It wasn't easy for me. He would play his own little pieces for family, friends, and sometimes large gatherings—including, in 1938, a performance at the Emmanuel Presbyterian Church (a few blocks from the Gould family home) of one of his own compositions.[14]. The recording Glenn Gould: The Composer contains his original works. [11] He learned to read music before he could read words,[6][12][13] and it had been observed that, at age three, he had perfect pitch. 1 in D minor with Gould as soloist, he informed the audience that he was assuming no responsibility for what they were about to hear. [52] He was known for cancelling performances at the last minute, which is why Bernstein's aforementioned public disclaimer opened with, "Don't be frightened, Mr. Gould is here... [he] will appear in a moment. [43] Gould was renowned for his peculiar body movements while playing and for his insistence on absolute control over every aspect of his environment. In 1983, Gould was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame. [119], The Grammys are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. [61], Though he was an admitted hypochondriac,[62][fn 13] Gould suffered many pains and ailments; his autopsy, however, revealed few underlying problems in areas that often troubled him. [111] He was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto in 1998, and designated a National Historic Person in 2012. [56], Gould lived a private life. [118], The Juno Awards are presented annually by the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. [102] He attributed his failure as a composer to his lack of a "personal voice". $6.93. He often hummed or sang while he played, and his audio engineers were not always successful in excluding his voice from recordings. Listeners regarded his interpretations as ranging from brilliantly creative to outrightly eccentric. [45] A small rug would sometimes be required for his feet underneath the piano. The Well-Tempered Clavier Book II : Prelude And Fugue No. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 The 1955 Goldberg Variations - Birth of a Legend 2002 Albums You May Also Like. It's getting worse all the time. Playing next. Philosopher Mark Kingwell writes that "his influence is made inescapable. Bazzana writes that "it is tempting to assume that Gould was asexual, an image that certainly fits his aesthetic and the persona he sought to convey, and one can read the whole Gould literature and be convinced that he died a virgin"—but he also mentions that evidence points to "a number of relationships with women that may or may not have been platonic and ultimately became complicated and were ended". His last recording as a conductor was of Wagner's Siegfried Idyll in its original chamber-music scoring. It would eventually occupy him for more than nine years. 1-15, BWV787-801. Gould revered J.S. Gould's playing was distinguished by a remarkable technical proficiency and a capacity to articulate the contrapuntal texture of Bach's music. Claude Rains narrated their recording of Strauss's Enoch Arden melodrama. 3 In C-Sharp Major 4. In his writing, Gould praised certain composers and rejected what he deemed banal in music composition and its consumption by the public, and also gave analyses of the music of Richard Strauss, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Gould's experience of driving across northern Ontario while listening to Top 40 radio in 1967 provided the inspiration for one of his most unusual radio pieces, The Search for Petula Clark, a witty and eloquent dissertation on the recordings of the renowned British pop singer, who was then at the peak of her international success. The Conservatory received its. In December 1979 Gould’s longstanding producer Andrew Kazdin left Columbia. [60] Gould believed the piano to be "a contrapuntal instrument," and his whole approach to music was, in fact, centered in the baroque. Glenn Gould (piano) Bach, J S: Keyboard Concerto No. Glenn Gould - Bach - BWV 891 - Prelude and Fugue. Notable productions include his musique concrète Solitude Trilogy, which consists of The Idea of North, a meditation on Northern Canada and its people, The Latecomers, about Newfoundland, and The Quiet in the Land, about Mennonites in Manitoba. The Well-Tempered Clavier Book II : Prelude And Fugue No. "[89] However, in 1970, he played Chopin's B minor sonata for the CBC and stated that he liked some of the miniatures and that he "sort of liked the first movement of the B minor" but never recorded any of Chopin's music. He was a prolific contributor to musical journals, in which he discussed music theory and outlined his musical philosophy. [77] Weighing this statement against Gould's highly individualistic lifestyle and artistic vision leads to an apparent contradiction. Bach, J S: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Books 1 & 2. "[64] In 1956, he was also taking Thorazine, an anti-psychotic medication, as well as reserpine, another anti-psychotic, but one that can also be used to lower blood pressure. [93] He recorded a number of Gibbons's keyboard works, and called him his favourite composer,[94][95] despite his better-known admiration for the technical mastery of Bach. Price. グレングールド バッハ Glenn Gould - Bach - BWV 891 - Prelude and Fugue. Glenn Gould (Artist) Format: Audio CD. He is buried next to his parents in Toronto's Mount Pleasant Cemetery (section 38, row 1088, plot 1050). The cover shows Gould in the corner of a bare dilapidated room – more like the snapshot of a vagrant than the portrait of a pianistic genius. Bach's WTC on a Wittmayer harpsichord. Gould won four awards, but, as with the Junos, accepted only one in person. Gould claimed that his singing was unconscious and increased in proportion to his inability to produce his intended interpretation from a given piano. [98], He worked with numerous vocalists to record Schoenberg, Hindemith, and Ernst Krenek, including Donald Gramm and Ellen Faull. Towards the end of his life, Gould began conducting. The speech was interpreted by Harold C. Schonberg, music critic for The New York Times, as an abdication of responsibility and an attack on Gould. [101] There is little critical commentary on Gould's compositions for the simple reason that there are few of them; he never succeeded beyond Opus 1, and left a number of works unfinished. The 1955 interpretation is highly energetic and often frenetic; the later is slower and more deliberate[86][87]—Gould wanted to treat the aria and its 30 variations as a cohesive whole. Conductors had mixed responses to Gould and his playing habits. Gould's perspective on art is often summed up by this 1962 quote: "The justification of art is the internal combustion it ignites in the hearts of men and not its shallow, externalized, public manifestations. Gould produced his final recordings himself, beginning with this Bach album in January and February 1980. Each group chose different points based on their relationship to music, but none was wholly successful. The purpose of art is not the release of a momentary ejection of adrenaline but is, rather, the gradual, lifelong construction of a state of wonder and serenity."[76]. Glenn Gould plays Johann Sebastian Bach's Partita no.6 in E minor, BWV830.I. Check out Bach: Excerpts from The Art of the Fugue, BWV 1080 & Prelude & Fugue in B-Flat Major, BWV 898 by Glenn Gould on Amazon Music. A CBC profile noted, "sometime between two and three every morning, Gould would go to Fran's, a 24-hour diner a block away from his Toronto apartment, sit in the same booth, and order the same meal of scrambled eggs. Bach: Partitas, Preludes, Fugues, Fughettas de Glenn Gould - Année de production 2012 Gould likened his process to that of a film director[79]—one does not perceive that a two-hour film was made in two hours—and implicitly asks why the act of listening to music should be any different. Gould participated in many interviews, and had a predilection for scripting them to the extent that they may be seen to be as much off-the-cuff discussions as they are works proper. 1-15, BWV772-786. Gould felt strongly that there was little point in re-recording centuries-old pieces if the performer had no new perspective to bring to the work. "[48] Bernstein created a stir at the concert of April 6, 1962 when, just before the New York Philharmonic was to perform the Brahms Piano Concerto No. Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I, Volume 3. “We recorded ten or even fifteen different versions of some of the preludes and fugues. Listen to Handel: Suites for Harpsichord - Bach: Selections from the Well Tempered Clavier, Book II by Glenn Gould on Apple Music. [117], Gould received many honours both during his lifetime (while claiming to despise competition in music) and posthumously. Gould's writing style was highly articulate, but sometimes florid, indulgent, and rhetorical. 1 in D minor (BWV 1052) with Leonard Bernstein conducting the New York Philharmonic. He was admitted to Toronto General Hospital, and his condition rapidly deteriorated. [66], Whether Gould's behaviour fell within the autism spectrum has been the subject of debate. [33] His first solo recital followed in 1947,[34] and his first recital on radio was with the CBC in 1950. 30 (Opus 109), harvtxt error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFOstwald1997 (, This is discussed and can be seen in the 1959. "[82], In creating music, Gould much preferred the control and intimacy provided by the recording studio. Glenn Gould - Bach - BWV 891 - Prelude and Fugue. [20], Gould passed his final Conservatory examination in piano at the age of 12, achieving the highest marks of any candidate, and thus attaining professional standing as a pianist at that age. But I assure you, he was an extremely heterosexual man. [85] Gould became closely associated with the piece, playing it in full or in part at many recitals. He performed on television and radio, and produced three musique concrète radio documentaries called the Solitude Trilogy, about isolated areas of Canada. ", "Christopher Foss grew up with Glenn Gould, but never got to say goodbye", "Ottawa; An Exhibition of Glenn Gould Memorabilia Sheds A Little Light on A Musical Enigma", "Being Glenn Gould – The Adelaide Review", "Wildlife: On the trail of Count von Svoboda and Glenn Gould", "The Prospects of Recording – Resources – The Glenn Gould Archive", "The Variations of Glenn Gould: Legendary, Eccentric Pianist Launched His Career by Playing Bach", "Glenn Gould " The CBC Legacy " Timeline of a Musical Genius", "Glenn Gould's fascination with Petula Clark (excerpt)", Harper Government Celebrates Glenn Gould as National Historic Person Canadian cultural icon commemorated at plaque unveiling ceremony, "Glenn Gould: The Sounds of Genius » Credits", "Dr. José Antonio Abreu Awarded Coveted 2008 Glenn Gould Prize", "The Glenn Gould School " Key Facts and History", "Home " The Recording Academy " The GRAMMY Awards " GRAMMY Hall of Fame", "Late Toronto pianist Glenn Gould receives Grammy lifetime achievement award", "How Mozart Became a Bad Composer" by Glenn Gould, in, Podcast about Glenn Gould from Library and Archives Canada, "Glenn Gould collected news and commentary",, Juno Award for Classical Album of the Year – Solo or Chamber Ensemble winners, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Persons of National Historic Significance (Canada), Burials at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 05:31. 1 in A Major, HWV 426: I. Prelude", "Suite for Harpsichord No. 1 in D minor, BWV 1052, with Leonard Bernstein conducting the New York Philharmonic. He invariably insisted that it had to be extremely warm. "[105], One of Gould's performances of the Prelude and Fugue in C major from Book II of The Well-Tempered Clavier was chosen for inclusion on the NASA Voyager Golden Record by a committee headed by Carl Sagan. New from. Report. グレングールド バッハ Glenn Gould - Bach - BWV 891 - Prelude and Fugue. ... moreover, what makes us assume that the situation of the man who wrote it accurately or faithfully reflects the situation of his time? Gould, therefore, prefers an ahistorical, or at least pre-Renaissance, view of art, minimizing the identity of the artist and the attendant historical context in evaluating the artwork: "What gives us the right to assume that in the work of art we must receive a direct communication with the historical attitudes of another period?